30 years of intensive research and development, the German scientist and
catalyst-specialist Dr. Christian Koch discovered a spectacular
breakthrough in energy conversion.
His process is the first to produce economical and environmentally
friendly energy production, using a wide variety of waste products and
renewable resources as feedstock.
Depolymerization is a process for the reduction of complex organic
materials (usually waste products of various sorts, often known as
biomass) into hydrocarbons or mineral diesel fuellight crude oil. It
mimics the natural geological processes thought to be involved in the
production of fossil fuels. Under pressure and heat, long chain polymers
of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon decompose into short-chain petroleum
hydrocarbons with a maximum length of around 18 carbons.
The depolymerization process for fuel production from organic materials takes two forms:, thermal and catalytic.
The thermal depolymerization process that does not use a catalyst has a
variety of limitations. The process only breaks long molecules into
shorter ones. Longer molecules are not created, so short molecules such
as carbon dioxide or methane cannot be converted to oil through this
process. In addition, since the thermal depolymerization approach
requires temperatures much greater than 400o C, there is the risk of
producing toxic byproducts such as dioxins and furans in addition to
carbon dioxide and methane.
Dr. Christian Koch was focused oin environment-friendly solutions and
decided to move in the direction of the catalytic depolymerization.
The catalytic depolymerization process (CDP) is a depolymerization
process that occurs at a relatively low temperature and low pressure.
Due to the low temperature, a catalyst is required to crack the
hydrocarbon molecule. The process requires a temperature above around
270o oC and the use of an ion exchange catalyst. However, if the
temperature is kept below 400o oC, production of carbon dioxide,
dioxins, and furans is avoided.
The catalytic approach is preferable to the thermal approach. The
thermal approach latter requires substantial energy input to reach
required temperature, a reactor that can withstand high pressures, and
further processing to deal with toxic byproducts.
Using the Alphakat catalyst, the catalytic approach requires only a
temperature greater than around 270o oC and proper mixing to insure
complete reaction of the feedstock with the catalyst.