Clinical use of GPS™
GPS should be stored at 2-8°C
in a refrigerator immediately of supply. A label is attached to every
container, stating the product serial number and the area of the donor
skin. Product serial number is used to get further information of the
product, e.g., donor selection procedure, results of hematological microbiological
laboratory tests, and processing for preservation. It provides a reliable
method of checking back the product at any time and thus ensures the safety
of the product.
Rinsing out the glycerol
GPS is free from bacteria and
rules for keeping it sterile must be applied when using it. Before it can
be used on patients, the required amount of donor skin must be removed from
the containers and rinsed for -1-10 minutes in a large "volume of sterile,
physiological saline solution. To be more effective, repeated rinsing procedures
with fresh, sterile, physiological saLine solution for .5 minutes X2 are
recommendable. Because of the viscosity of glycerol it is advisable to use
a lukewarm solution for this. If the whole contents of the container are
not used, the required amount can be cut off with sterile scissors and the
remainder stored in the resealed container.
Method of use for clinical use
2nd degree burns by hot water/scalds
As a result of the capillary stasis in the wound bed during the first
48 hours, there is a chance of the wound bed drying Out and the burn becoming
deeper. This is prevented by immediate application of donor skin, where
immediate is defined as within 6 hours of the burn occurring. Preferably',
no ointment should be put on the wound. If ointment has been used as first
aid, clean the wound thoroughly first. A significant reduction in pain
is experienced very soon after the application. In the first instance
the donor skin is adherentl and remains in place like a supple scab. In
general a very rapid, high-grade epithelialization takes place under it,
after which the dried-out scab comes loose.
After the wound bed is cleaned,
the wound is covered with GPS™ just contacting the dermal layer.
Special attentions should be paid not to make gaps between pieces of GPS™;
the pieces are placed as closely as possible and, if necessary, mar be
overlapped. GpsT:Il is fixed with staples to prevent possible drift of
material. Small doses of anesthetics (e.g., administration of ketamine
at the edge of GPS™ may be necessary. For the application at the
chest, adhesive bandage (e.g., Polyfix) is useful. Dressing is carried
out by use of dry gauzes, bandage and Banadafix. The wound should be inspected
every day. The bandage just out around the fixed pan should be removed
for the inspection. When necessary, drugs may be administered.
B. Use of GPS™no
as a diagnostic
Skin allograft may be used
as a diagnostic measure to determine the status of wound: when GPS™comes
loose and does not fix to the wound, potential infection or deterioration
of skin defects is predictable. For the diagnostic use of GPS™, it should be applied to the wound.
3rd degree burns
After operative removal of
the necrotic tissue, the wound is covered with an autograft. When (because
of shortage of the patient's own skin) this graft is meshed in the ration
1:4 or greater, or when there are wide-spread skin islands (Meek-Wall),
this graft can be covered with skin allografts (so-called sandwich grafting).
Donor skin in sandwich graft promotes rapid epithelialization and good drainage as well. GPS™ meshed in the
ration 1:1.5 is recommendable for this technique. (Recently good clinical
results were obtained with the ration 1:3.) Application of GPS™'
may result in a mild antigenicity so that part of the donor skin may form
a supple scab. This scab remains adhered to the wound bed to provide lasting
wound coverage. A cleavage surface also forms in this scab, which the
underlying autograft network uses to help it grow out. The result is a
total wound closure after 4 to 5 weeks.
A. Method of use
After the wound bed has been
cleaned, the wound is covered with an autograft. Then, GPS™ is applied
without gap and bind the whole with wet/dry gauzes and bandage. For the
first five days, wound inspection should take place down to the level
of the fixation material, autograft and GPS™.
Clinical availability of GPS™
After washing out the glrcerol,
GPS™ is same as conventional cryopreserved allografts in clinical
use as a temporary biologic cover for wounds. GPS™ can be effectively
used for scald burns. Grafts are easy to apply, provide immediate pain
relief, and give excellent cosmetic results. (Schiozer WA et aI., Burns
1994; 20: 503-507). In addition GPS™ can be used as an overlay for
wide meshed autologous skin in extensive full-thickness burns. GPS™
is effective as a temporary cover for excised wounds for which autologous
skin is unavailable. GPS™ can also be used for chronic, poorly vascularised
wounds to improve the condition of the wound bed before autografting.