With the variety of colours, patterns and textures available, the decor and design
possibilities of carpeting are endless. Carpetings sheer softness, elegance and
comfort make it ideal for all areas of the home.
Different carpet fibres have unique characteristics which determine
the price and performance of a carpet.
Carpet should be chosen according to the best style and texture for an installation.
For example, tight low loop carpet will offer minimal pile distortion and look better
in high traffic areas than a chunky large loop.
Remember that expensive, luxurious carpet is probably not the best performer in
high traffic areas.
Loop pile products maintain exceptional appearance since there are no exposed
yarn tips and only the sides of the yarn are exposed to wear and stress. In general,
loop pile carpets stand up to heavy traffic better than cut pile carpets.
Loops of yarn of uniform height, which wear well and tend to hide footprints.
Multi-level loop carpeting, possibly created from chunky yarn, gives a more textured or
Cut pile is the most desired type of construction and is suitable for most areas of
Dense construction and low pile height, with fibres tightly twisted and close
together to create a rich, smooth velvet surface.
A variety of level cut pile styles with distinct upright tufts. These may vary in
appearance from loose to dense constructions in a range of pile heights.
Frieze or Hard Twist
A cut pile where the yarns are twisted and heat-set in position, which helps
hide footprints and vacuum marks.
Longer pile with a shaggy appearance.
This has a sculptured appearance, created by cutting some loops and leaving
Carpet surfaces absorb or reflect light in different ways according to their
construction and the finishing process applied to their tufts or pile.
This can significantly change their appearance.
Carpet design is a combination of colour, pattern and texture. Modern contract
carpets offer virtually unlimited options in this respect, from plain, discrete
finishes to exciting, vibrant ones which enhance their surroundings. Even extreme
design effects can be achieved without any loss of wear performance and long-term
From the luxury of wool to the latest sixth-generation nylon yarns, the different
types of fibre used to make a carpet have an impact on the performance of your
carpet and its suitability to different areas of your home.
Nylon fibres provide excellent resilience and abrasion resistance, are exceptionally
colourfast and can be dyed into a wide variety of rich colours. Nylon is resistant
to staining when treated with a stain-resistant repellent. Today's greatly improved
'treated nylon fibres' enable easy removal of soil and most common household food
and beverage stains through professional cleaning.
Naturally stain- and fade-resistant, polypropylene BCF is the fastest growing carpet
fibre, now representing more than 60% of all fibres used in the South African carpet
industry. Because the fibre is naturally moisture-resistant, it is dyed during the
extrusion process. Polypropylene is most commonly used in loop pile constructions and
offers exceptional value for money.
Polyester carpets are popular for their bulkiness, softness and colour clarity as
well as their excellent stain- and fade-resistant properties. Polyester offers
consumers the highest possible combination of performance and value.
This is a widely used synthetic fibre in carpeting. Providing the characteristics
and feel of a wool carpet, but at a significantly reduced price.
About 1% of the carpet market consists of products made with wool fibre. Wool
has excellent aesthetic properties, and even though modern synthetic fibres offer
superior performance, they have not fully achieved the natural patina of wool.
Although wool does not have the resistance to abrasion or moisture absorption that
synthetic fibres do, it does clean well and therefore 'ages gracefully'. Wool
carpets are the most expensive.
Different fibres can be mixed to create carpets with various qualities in
performance and style. A particularly good blend is 80% wool mixed with 20% nylon.
More modern blends combine polypropylene with nylon.
ECO-FRIENDLY CARPET INNOVATIONS
The carpet industry has been hard at work developing eco-friendly carpeting, made
partially from post-consumer recycled polyester.
These innovative green carpets offer all the advantages of regular carpets while
making our planet a better place.
Eco-friendly underlays are also available such as:
Van Dyck Carpets Eco-Lay
- Manufactured using the finest recycled rubber
- Not air-filled, therefore will not collapse
- Fully recyclable
- Unaffected by moisture
- Provides thermal insulation
- Retains appearance, even in high traffic / heavy duty areas
- Easy and lightweight to transport and fit
THE BENEFITS OF CARPETING
Carpeting has many proven benefits that you may wish to consider when choosing a
floor covering for your home.
Carpets are soft and resilient and provide a safe, non-slip surface underfoot for
children and the elderly. With injuries due to falls a prominent feature in
worldwide accident statistics, it makes sense to choose a floorcovering that
provides a measure of protection and minimises the risk of injury.
The dust-trapping properties of carpeting not only reduce the need for sweeping
and dusting, but make carpets more hygienic than other floorcoverings because dust
acts as a carrier for germs, allergens and other contaminants. Research has proven
that textile floorcoverings actually REDUCE the incidence of asthma and allergic
reactions, if vacuumed regularly with an efficient vacuum cleaner.
The dense pile of a carpet and its backing layer act as heat insulators. The carpet
fibres trap small air pockets that retain heat longer, so not only does a carpet feel
warmer and more comfortable underfoot than a smooth floorcovering, it helps a room
retain as much as 10% more heat.
Modern synthetic fibres make today's carpets about the most affordable and stylish
floorcovering choice you can make. With the variety of colours, patterns and textures
available, the decor and design possibilities with carpeting are endless and its
sheer softness, elegance and comfort make it ideal for all areas of the home.
Carpets are simply the best at absorbing sound and creating a relaxing environment
in your home. Carpeting virtually eliminates impact noise, as this is absorbed
almost immediately, ensuring that the life' of noises in a carpeted environment
is only half as long as one where smooth floorcoverings have been used.
Carpet is a practical, hardwearing and resilient floorcovering choice, with a
surface that doesn't scratch, scuff or splinter. It is easy to install, easy to
clean and requires minimum effort to maintain. The cost of maintaining your carpet
is also relatively inexpensive when compared with many smooth floorcoverings.
Today's modern fibres and technologically advanced construction methods mean
that carpets are looking better and lasting longer than ever before. Most manufacturers
of quality carpets back their products with comprehensive guarantees and warranties
that will offer you the most important decor consideration of all - absolute peace