School Age Vocational/Career Assessment
Grant Allen - Psychometrist
Career Guidance, career, Psychometric Testing
A comprehensive Vocational Assessment should cover 4 aspects of functioning:
First, testing is used to measure intellectual aptitude for post-school/tertiary study. Testing is useful in revealing whether a specific ‘special skill’ exists, and, more generally, whether the candidate is better suited to Technical/Practical, or University level study. Aptitudes for the Sciences (BSC), Commerce (BCom), the Arts (BA) and technical careers are gained by the administration of the best regarded IQ test. (IQ testing has the added advantage of measuring concentration, attention, memory and speed, which can be useful information for all educational settings).
Secondly, interests are tested. Multiple questionnaires may be used in order to examine the consistency and stability of interests across these measures. Interests may or may not enjoy the support of aptitudes – information that is vital to making an informed and realistic career/study decision.
Thirdly, personality functioning, particularly as it pertains to the workplace environment, is evaluated. This aspect of testing assists in identifying factors such as leadership inclination, work habits and attitudes, interpersonal style, stress tolerance, extraversion/introversion, and other factors which would serve to ensure a ‘good fit’ between the testee and the job-roles revealed by interests and aptitudes, and
Lastly, values and motives. Values, or ‘needs’, are those factors which serve to drive the individual, and are crucial in maintaining motivation in a career. To the extent to which there is a match between the candidate’s values and lifestyle, a sense of occupational satisfaction is achieved. Values differ greatly from person to person, and may include Risk, Altruism, Financial Reward and Security, and Variety/ Change, to name a few.
Assessment of the above usually takes two-and-a-half to three hours, and is done one-on-one, paper and pencil. Once testing is complete, a written report needs to be compiled, integrating this information.
A 45 minute feedback session, one week post testing, at which the testee receives test results, is essential for gaining the most from the assessment experience. Understanding their own functioning in each of the areas assessed provides the self-insight necessary for making sound future career and education decisions – and requires the presence of the testee at feedback. In addition, the psychometric process is also a good practise exercise for the psychometric evaluations commonly performed by many companies prior to employment
Typically, several jobs are recommended, depending on test results. Information on these careers, where to study in preparation for them, length of study required, compulsory subjects (where applicable), the advantages and disadvantages of each career, future employment prospects, etc, are discussed. This information provides a basis for further, more in depth research into the recommended fields.
, Career Guidance
, child psychologist
, Educational Psychologist
, Personality Test
, Psychometric Testing
, subject choice