LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
course is primarily designed to interrogate and further advance the knowledge
and understanding of the students relating to the concept of Local Economic
Development as one of social and community development models or
approaches. Deliberations within this
course will be located within the broader framework of sustainable livelihoods
will gain exposure to a wide range of recent LED experiences in South Africa
within the context of Developmental Local Government. Accordingly, the module will also provide
students with critiques of various strategies, techniques and processes that
have contributed towards informing national and global debates around economic
development in general and local community development in particular. Moreover,
students will also have an opportunity to evaluate the local economic
initiatives by making use of community development frameworks such as Asset
Based Community Development (ABCD), Human Capability approaches, etc.
To introduce students to debates
and issues relating to local economic development and community economic
To deepening students’
understanding of CED/LED principles and approaches, including their
implications for effective social and economic interventions at community
To introduce students to
different approaches to economic and social development and their implications
for addressing socio-economic problems in South Africa;
To engage students in exploring
various CED/LED strategies and techniques and further locate the role of local
To enhance student’s
understanding and ability in financing and evaluating local economic
2) Course content
The concept of sustainable LED and the global context in
which it occurs.
Goals, principles and approaches to Local Economic
Development – the National and International perspectives.
Institutional and policy framework for support and promotion
of Local Economic Development in South Africa.
The role of Developmental Local Government in promotion of LED
Tools and strategies for Local Economic Development
Challenges and threats to LED – recent experiences from
selected case studies
Case studies on small and micro enterprises including their
potential and limitations.
3) Course Sessions
overview of the course is presented. The definition, guiding principles, approaches
of community economic development are examined from the perspective that
development is intended to address the needs of individuals and societies.
However, development efforts have yet to resolve the complex causes of poverty
and how to eliminate social injustices. Development agendas continually shift
in a search for solutions to the perplexing problems facing humanity.
What are the rationale and trends for
CED/LED in South Africa
and internationally? What are the current perspectives on CED/LED in South Africa?
These issues are discussed from the perspective of government policies,
practices and their effectiveness. The role of the State is examined
The meaning of economics and its role in development is examined.
What are the major influences and interactions of international, national and
local economic policies on developing an economically sound strategy for a
community? What financial considerations must be considered in ensuring that a
project may be sustainable and viable? A variety of examples are explored in
particular, SMEs and Cooperatives, are examined in the international and South
African context. Many international agencies advocate SMEs and cooperatives as
key to solving problems of poverty and unemployment. This section will analyse
these strategies and identify their effectiveness.