EkoInfo | Flora surveys

By: Ekoinfo  11-11-2011
Keywords: game reserve

Flora survey, Sabi Sand Game Reserve (Client: Deneys Reitz Attorneys)


EkoInfo CC specializes in phytosociology (vegetation description and mapping) as part of baseline studies for EIA’s and EMPR’s, as well as for livestock (domestic/game) management reports. It mainly uses the Braun-Blanquet approach, which is internationally known and basically a phytosociological standard for South Africa.

For projects which require monitoring, scientifically acknowledged quantitative or qualitative methods are applied with the baseline surveys. The method will depend on the nature of the parameter/s to be monitored.

Ecological Relevance

Vegetation represents the producers in the ecological food chain. Plants convert sun energy into a format which is accessible to millions of organisms (consumers – humans and animals). In addition they provide shelter to the consumers. They vary in growth form and size and are found all over the world in both aquatic and terrestrial environments. Within the political boundaries of  South Africa, approximately 23 420 species have been recorded of which 948 species are listed as Red Data.

Vegetation represents the first level of remote sensing. Knowledgeable persons can derive from the plants they observe, what the environmental factors (climate, geology, topography, soil) are which influence the area and what organisms (micro and macro) could occur there.

Vegetation can be used as indicators of environmental potential (tourism, agriculture, development), condition (pristine, transformed) and change (rehabilitation, degradation).


  • Ecosystem Identification
  • Habitat Delineation
  • Red Data Flora Identification
  • Sensitive Areas
  • Species richness
  • Ecological status
  • Conservation importance
  • Ecological potential
  • Vegetation maps

Keywords: game reserve

Other products and services from Ekoinfo


EkoInfo | Services

EkoInfo CC assists those institutions whose activities have an influence on the environment to comply with the monitoring requirements implied within the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act or stated in the National Environmental Management Act and related bills e.g. Biodiversity Bill, the National Water Act.


EkoInfo | Products

EkoInfo CC has available and/or has access to experts who specialize in aquatic environments, hydrology, geology, pedology, ornithology, zoology, entomology, mining, surveying and rehabilitation. The information from these surveys are used in State of the Environment Reports, Strategic Environmental Assessments or provincial environmental monitoring.


EkoInfo | Fauna surveys

They are the most conspicuous component of the environment when disasters occur and can muster large reaction from the public when their existence is threatened. It has in-house expertise for medium to large mammals and uses taxa- specific zoologists for small mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, arthropods and insects. EkoInfo CC does fauna surveys as part of EIA’s, EMPR’s and livestock management reports.


EkoInfo | Soil surveys

EkoInfo CC does soil surveys on  a reconnaissance level during its vegetation assessments to enable correlation between soil conditions and vegetation distribution. Soil represents an anchor for plants as well as a source of nutrients, its physical and chemical properties determine which species will grow successfully in it.


EkoInfo | Natural Resource Maps

EkoInfo CC uses vector and raster based Geographic Information System software to compile maps from aerial photographs, satellite imagery and available or newly captured natural resource data. Georeferenced government 1: 10 000 scale aerial photos of a section of the Sabi Sand Game Reserve – Mpumalanga, South Africa (Client: Deneys Reitz Attorneys, Sandton.